Non cooperation movement

DoThe Best
By DoThe Best June 19, 2015 10:45
  • It was led by Mahatma Gandhi and was supported by the Indian National Congress.
  • Non-cooperation was recommended by Gandhi to Babu Muhammad Ali and Babu Shaukat Ali for the Khilafat Movement. After the failure of Khilafat Movement, the Congress decided that Non Cooperation was the only way out for India.
  • The movement was launched as per the resolution of Calcutta session and ratified in Nagpur session in December 1920.
  • It was the first mass based political movement under Gandhiji.
  • The main emphasis of the movement was in renunciation of government titles, boycotting law courts, government educational institutions. Foreign goods and advocacy of the use of Charkha.
  • The government declared the activities of the congress ad khilafat volunteers as illegal.
  • By the end of 1921, all prominent nationalist leaders, except Gandhiji were imprisoned.
  • The government showed no signs of relenting as a result Gandhiji decided to intensity the movement.
  • However before the movement could be further intensified mass violence erupted at chauri chaura, village in the Gorakhpur district. Congress volunteers burnt down a police station and about 22 English policemen. Gandhiji called off the non-co-operation movement. Gandhiji was arrested and trialed at Ahmedabad on March 18, 1922 and  he was imprisoned for six years for publishing seditious materials.
DoThe Best
By DoThe Best June 19, 2015 10:45
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